To the Members of the Michigan Legislature:
The Michigan Law Revision Commission hereby presents its thirty-first annual report pursuant to section 403 of Act No. 268 of the Public Acts of 1986, MCL § 4.1403.
The Commission, created by section 401 of Act No. 268 of the Public Acts of 1986, MCL § 4.1401, consists of two members of the Senate, with one from the majority and one from the minority party, appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate; two members of the House of Representatives, with one from the majority and one from the minority party, appointed by the Speaker of the House; the Director of the Legislative Service Bureau or his or her designee, who serves as an ex-officio member; and four members appointed by the Legislative Council. The terms of the members appointed by the Legislative Council are staggered. The Legislative Council designates the Chairman of the Commission. The Vice Chairman is elected by the Commission.
The legislative members of the Commission during 1996 were Senator Bill Bullard, Jr. of Milford; Senator Gary Peters of Pontiac; Representative Michael Nye of Litchfield; and Representative Ted Wallace of Detroit. As Legislative Council Administrator, Dianne M. Odrobina was the ex-officio member of the Commission. The appointed members of the Commission were Richard McLellan, Anthony Derezinski, Maura Corrigan, and George Ward. Mr. McLellan served as Chairman. Mr. Derezinski served as Vice Chairman. Professor Kevin Kennedy of the Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University served as Executive Secretary. Gary Gulliver served as the liaison between the Legislative Service Bureau and the Commission. Brief biographies of the 1996 Commission members and staff are located at the end of this report.
The Commission's Work in 1996
The Commission is charged by statute with the following duties:
The problems to which the Commission directs its studies are largely identified through an examination by the Commission members and the Executive Secretary of the statutes and case law of Michigan, the reports of learned bodies and commissions from other jurisdictions, and legal literature. Other subjects are brought to the attention of the Commission by various organizations and individuals, including members of the Legislature.
The Commission's efforts during the past year have been devoted primarily to three areas. First, Commission members provided information to legislative committees related to various proposals previously recommended by the Commission. Second, the Commission examined suggested legislation proposed by various groups involved in law revision activity. These proposals included legislation advanced by the Council of State Governments, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, and the law revision commissions of various jurisdictions within and without the United States. Finally, the Commission considered various problems relating to special aspects of current Michigan law suggested by its own review of Michigan decisions and the recommendations of others.
As in previous years, the Commission studied various proposals that did not lead to legislative recommendations. In the case of certain uniform or model acts, the Commission sometimes found that the subjects treated had been considered by the Michigan Legislature in recent legislation and, therefore, did not recommend further action. In other instances, uniform or model acts were not pursued because similar legislation was currently pending before the Legislature upon the initiation of legislators having a special interest in the particular subject.
In 1996, the Commission studied the six topics listed below. The Commission recommends immediate legislative action on the first two topics. On the third topic, the Commission recommends that the Legislature make government e-mail subject to public disclosure, but further recommends postponing such action until the Commission and the Legislature have addressed the issue of exceptions to such disclosure. On the fourth topic, the Commission in some instances recommends that legislative action be taken, but in others that no action be taken. On the fifth and sixth topics, the Commission presents study reports.
The six topics are:
(1) A Statutory Definition of Gross Negligence.
(2) Clarifying the Term "The Proximate Cause" in the Government Tort Liability Act.
(3) Public Disclosure of Government E-Mail.
(4) Recent Court Opinions Suggesting Legislative Action.
(5) Police Officer Liability in High-Speed Pursuits (study report).
(6) Proposed Administrative Procedures Act (study report).
Proposals for Legislative Consideration in 1997
In addition to its new recommendations, the Commission recommends favorable consideration of the following recommendations of past years upon which no final action was taken in 1996:
(1) Revisions to the Michigan "Lemon Law", 1995 Annual Report, page 7.
(2) Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act, 1988 Annual Report, page 13.
(3) Consolidated Receivership Statute, 1988 Annual Report, page 72.
(4) Condemnation Provisions Inconsistent with the Uniform Condemnation Procedures Act, 1989 Annual Report, page 15.
(5) Proposed Administrative Procedures Act, 1989 Annual Report, page 27.
(6) Judicial Review of Administrative Action, 1990 Annual Report, page 19.
(7) Amendment of Uniform Statutory Rule Against Perpetuities, 1990 Annual Report, page 141.
(8) Amendment of the Uniform Contribution Among Tortfeasors Act, 1991 Annual Report, page 19.
(9) International Commercial Arbitration, 1991 Annual Report, page 31.
(10) Tortfeasor Contribution Under Michigan Compiled Laws §600.2925a(5), 1992 Annual Report, page 21.
(11) Amendments to Michigan's Estate Tax Apportionment Act, 1992 Annual Report, page 29.
(12) Uniform Trade Secrets Act, 1993 Annual Report, page 7.
(13) Amendments to Michigan's Anatomical Gift Act, 1993 Annual Report, page 53.
(14) Ownership of a Motorcycle for Purposes of Receiving No-Fault Insurance Benefits, 1993 Annual Report, page 131.
(15) Repeal of UCC Article 6: Bulk Transfers, 1994 Annual Report, page 111.
(16) The Uniform Putative and Unknown Fathers Act and Revisions to Michigan Laws Concerning Parental Rights of Unwed Fathers, 1994 Annual Report, page 117.
Current Study Agenda
Topics on the current study agenda of the Commission are:
(1) Declaratory Judgment in Libel Law/Uniform Correction or Clarification of Defamation Act.
(2) Medical Practice Privileges in Hospitals (Procedures for Granting and Withdrawal).
(3) Health Care Consent for Minors.
(4) Health Care Information, Access, and Privacy.
(5) Public Officials -- Conflict of Interest and Misuse of Office.
(6) Uniform Statutory Power of Attorney.
(7) Uniform Custodial Trust Act.
(8) Legislation Concerning Teleconference Participation in Public Meetings.
(9) Michigan Legislation Concerning Native American Tribes.
(10) Revisions to Michigan's Administrative Procedures Act and to Procedures for Judicial Review of Agency Action.
(11) Government E-Mail.
(12) Police Officer Liability in High-Speed Pursuits.
(13) Michigan's Borrowing Statute.
(14) Amendments to the Government Tort Liability Act regarding good-faith conduct by police officers.
The Commission continues to operate with its sole staff member, the part-time Executive Secretary, whose offices are in the Detroit College of Law at Michigan State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201. The Executive Secretary of the Commission is Professor Kevin Kennedy, who was responsible for the publication of this report. By using faculty members at the several Michigan law schools as consultants and law students as researchers, the Commission has been able to operate at a budget substantially lower than that of similar commissions in other jurisdictions. At the end of this report, the Commission provides a list of more than 70 Michigan statutes passed since 1967 upon the recommendation of the Commission.
The Legislative Service Bureau, through Mr. Gary Gulliver, its Director of Legal Research, has generously assisted the Commission in the development of its legislative program. The Director of the Legislative Service Bureau continues to handle the fiscal operations of the Commission under procedures established by the Legislative Council.
The Commission continues to welcome suggestions for improvement of its program and proposals.
Richard D. McLellan, Chairman
Anthony Derezinski, Vice Chairman
Senator Bill Bullard, Jr.
Senator Gary Peters
Representative Michael Nye
Representative Ted Wallace
Dianne M. Odrobina
Click here to return to the Michigan Law Revisions Commission's Table of Contents for the 31st Annual Report, 1996.